Are diet pills a healthy option? | the new times

DEAR DOCTOR,

I have been trying to lose weight by fasting and doing some exercise but it doesn’t seem to work. A friend suggested diet pills and I’m curious how they work. Is that a healthy option? What are your thoughts?

MONICA

DEAR MONICA,

Are you sure you are overweight and need to lose weight? Body structure and appearance vary from person to person, depending on many factors, including genes. Some people look fat, but they are not actually overweight. If the body mass index (BMI) is within the normal range (18 to 25), one is not obese. BMI is calculated using a simple formula: weight in kg/height in meters squared. You can easily calculate it and decide if you need to lose some kilos or not. If you really need to lose weight, try to do it naturally. That includes diet restriction and regular physical exercise.

Meals should be healthy and foods that add calories should be avoided. Eat more fresh vegetables, fruits, nuts and whole grains, fish. Avoid sugary foods like cakes, pies, puddings, egg yolks, red meat, fried foods like French fries. Take small bites, chew your food slowly, when you eat, as this stimulates the brain’s satiety center early, making you feel satisfied with a smaller amount of food. Drink more water and try to drink water between meals as it will soon ‘fill your stomach’. Avoid snacking between meals. If the urge to snack is very strong, have healthy snacks that are not greasy or sugary or just fruit. Remember that the amounts of “healthy foods” consumed should also not be excessive, because excess nutrients are also converted to fat in the body.

Physical exercise should be done regularly, according to the endurance and general health of the person. In addition to a fixed scheduled exercise per day, multiple physical activities carried out throughout the day are also useful, such as walking to the nearby store, cleaning the house, etc.

It is convenient to lose weight gradually, that is, from 1 to 2 kilos per month. Drastic weight loss is undesirable and harmful. It makes the body weak, disturbs the hormonal balance. Even the apparent beauty is hampered, because the face loses its shine.

Weight loss pills are not a healthy option for weight loss. These pills cause weight loss by suppressing appetite directly in the brain or by improving feelings of fullness or both. They also reduce the absorption of fats. These pills always cause side effects like increased blood pressure, increased pulse rate, dry mouth, dizziness, anorexia, nausea, vomiting, excessive sleepiness, etc. Therefore, these pills are used only if weight loss does not occur after 4 to 8 weeks of natural treatment. methods or if someone is too obese to make them feel sick. If one loses weight after using these pills, it has to be associated and maintained with dietary measures and regular physical exercise. Otherwise, when these pills are stopped, rebound weight gain can occur.

Dr. Rachna Pande is a specialist in internal medicine.

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